JavaScript Design Patterns

JavaScript Design Patterns: JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages today, and for good reason. It is a versatile language that can be used for a wide range of applications, including front-end web development, server-side scripting, and even desktop and mobile app development. With its popularity comes the need for developers to write clean, maintainable code that is easy to read and understand. That’s where design patterns come in.

Design patterns are reusable solutions to commonly occurring problems in software design. They are not specific to any particular programming language, but rather are general principles that can be applied to any language. In JavaScript, there are several design patterns that are particularly useful for front-end web development. In this post, we will explore some of the most common JavaScript design patterns and how they can be used to write better code.

Singleton Pattern

The Singleton pattern is a creational pattern that restricts the instantiation of a class to a single instance and provides a global point of access to that instance. In JavaScript, this can be achieved using a self-executing function, as shown below:

var Singleton = (function() {
  var instance;
  function createInstance() {
    var object = new Object("I am the instance");
    return object;
  return {
    getInstance: function() {
      if (!instance) {
        instance = createInstance();
      return instance;

var instance1 = Singleton.getInstance();
var instance2 = Singleton.getInstance();

console.log(instance1 === instance2); // true

Observer Pattern

The Observer pattern is a behavioral pattern that allows an object to notify other objects about changes in its state. In JavaScript, this pattern can be implemented using the built-in addEventListener method or a custom implementation of an event system, as shown below:

var Subject = function() {
  this.observers = [];
  this.state = "";

Subject.prototype = {
  setState: function(state) {
    this.state = state;

  notifyObservers: function() {
    for (var i = 0; i < this.observers.length; i++) {

  addObserver: function(observer) {

var Observer = function() {
  this.update = function() {
    console.log("Observer updated");

var subject = new Subject();
var observer = new Observer();

subject.setState("new state");

Factory Pattern

The factory pattern is a creational pattern that provides an interface for creating objects in a super-class, but allows subclasses to alter the type of objects that will be created. In JavaScript, this can be implemented using a factory function, as shown below:

function createPerson(name, age, gender) {
  var obj = new Object(); = name;
  obj.age = age;
  obj.gender = gender;
  obj.sayName = function() {
  return obj;

var person1 = createPerson("John", 25, "male");
var person2 = createPerson("Jane", 23, "female");

person1.sayName(); // John
person2.sayName(); // Jane

Module Pattern

The Module pattern is a design pattern that encapsulates a set of functions and variables into a single object, which can be accessed using a public interface. In JavaScript, this can be achieved using an immediately invoked function expression (IIFE), as shown below:

var myModule = (function() {
  var privateVariable = "Hello World";
  function privateMethod() {
  return {
return: function() {

myModule.public(); // Hello World

Prototype Pattern

The Prototype pattern is a creational pattern that creates objects based on a template of an existing object, using prototypal inheritance. In JavaScript, this can be achieved using the built-in Object.create method, as shown below:

var person = {
name: "John",
age: 25,
gender: "male",
sayName: function() {

var person1 = Object.create(person); = "Jane";

var person2 = Object.create(person);
person2.age = 30;

person1.sayName(); // Jane
person2.sayName(); // John


In conclusion, design patterns are an essential part of writing clean, maintainable code in any programming language, and JavaScript is no exception. The five design patterns we have explored in this post – Singleton, Observer, Factory, Module, and Prototype – are just a few of the many patterns that can be used in JavaScript development. By applying these patterns, you can write more organized and efficient code that is easier to read and understand, making your projects more maintainable in the long run.

See also  JavaScript Frameworks

Read also: Windows Objects in Javascript: Explained

Like and Follow Us on Facebook: Flourish Tech-House

Originally posted 2023-03-20 11:53:17.



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *